SPAN allows the traffic on one swithcport to be copied on another switchport. A SPAN session needs to be created where you define source ports and destination ports. Alternatively you can configure a source VLAN where all ports in the VLAN become the source ports. You can't mix between source ports and source VLANs

Local SPAN

Local SPAN (Switched Port ANalyzer) is an association of source ports or source VLANs with one or more destination ports on the same switch.

To configure a local SPAN session use these commands:

Sw(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID source {interface SRC-INTF-ID | vlan SRC-VLAN-ID} [rx|tx|both]
! rx - filter only incoming packets
! tx - filter only outgoing packets
! both - don't filter incoming or outgoing packets (default)
Sw(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID destination interface DST-INTF-ID

The number of destination ports is platform dependent.

To monitor the current SPAN sessions, use

Sw# show monitor


RSPAN (Remote SPAN) allows the source and the destination to be on different switches. The way this is achived is by using a RSPAN VLAN to carry SPAN traffic between switches.

To configure RSPAN, use these commands on switches that contain source ports:

Sw1(config)# vlan VLAN-ID
Sw1(config-vlan)# remote-span
Sw1(config-vlan)# exit
Sw1(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID source interface SRC-INTF-ID [rx|tx|both]
Sw1(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID destination remote vlan VLAN-ID

and these commands on switches that contain destination ports

Sw2(config)# vlan VLAN-ID
Sw2(config-vlan)# remote-span
Sw2(config-vlan)# exit
Sw2(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID source remote vlan VLAN-ID
Sw2(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID destination interface DST-INTF-ID

Obviously, the RSPAN vlan needs to be configured on all switches. To monitor the RSPAN sessions use these commands:

Sw# show monitor
Sw# show vlan remote-span


ERSPAN (Encapsulated Remote SPAN) takes the concept further and encapsulates the source traffic in GRE, allowing it to be routed over a Layer3 network to the destination ports.

To configure ERSPAN source devices, use:

Sw1(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID type erspan-source
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-src)# source interface SRC-INTF-ID
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-src)# destination
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-src-dst)# erspan-id ERSPAN-ID
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-src-dst)# ip address DST-IP
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-src-dst)# origin ip address SRC-IP

To configure ERSPAN destination device, use:

Sw1(config)# monitor session SESSION-ID type erspan-destination
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-dst)# destinaation interface SRC-INTF-ID
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-dst)# source
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-dst-src)# erspan-id ERSPAN-ID
Sw1(config-mon-erspan-dst-src)# ip address DST-IP

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